Artificial intelligence governs the way we live, communicate, do our daily chores and even spend our spare time.
From facial recognition and autocorrect to ride-sharing applications, AI is all around us in a variety of forms. AI is the technology that is mainly about developing computer programs to get specific tasks done that would otherwise require human intelligence.
Robotisation is the technology that deals with physical robots. The latter are machines that can be programmed to execute a slew of actions semi-autonomously or autonomously. AI is only a tiny part of the large robotic system that includes actuators and sensors help me with my english homework.
As you can see, robotics and artificial intelligence are entirely two different technologies that serve unique purposes do my economics homework. However, the combination of both creates an artificially intelligent robot. This AI-based robot uses robotics to walk, see, speak and smell like a human and AI to think like a human.
How Does The Combination of Robots and Artificial Intelligence Work?
Think of it this way.
In an artificially intelligent robot, artificial intelligence is the brain, while robots act as the body.
AI provides a computer vision to the robots to help them navigate, sense and even calculate their reactions like a human would. It is through the impact of AI that robots learn to perform their tasks exactly or even better than humans.
Engineers or programmers use the following three types of artificial intelligence technologies to build AI-based robots assignment help experts. The kind of AI they choose differ on the basis of the tasks that the robot has to perform.
- Weak artificial intelligence
Weak AI creates a simulation of human thought and interaction. The robots consist of predefined responses and commands. But, in this case, the robots only retrieve appropriate responses according to specific commands instead of understanding the commands study help.
Examples of robots created by weak artificial intelligence:
Siri and Alexa
- Strong artificial intelligence
Strong AI creates robots that can perform tasks on their own without the involvement of humans. 86% of employees believe that automation will let them do their work more efficiently, thereby improving productivity and growth.
Examples of robots created by strong artificial intelligence:
Humanoid robots, robotic surgeons, internet cars and self-driving cars
- Specialised artificial intelligence
Specialised AI creates robots that perform only specialised tasks. These robots are supposed to be great at doing any one particular thing, such as recommending the book you want to read depending on your mood paper writing help.
Examples of robots created by specialised artificial intelligence:
Are you still confused about the difference between a simple robot and an AI-based robot? Okay, consider this for a moment.
You can program a simple robot to paraphrase an essay that has already been written. The robot can perform this task unless you program it to stop law essay writer. However, an AI-based robot can be programmed to write a unique essay from scratch and even provide online assignment help to students. This is a classic example of an artificially intelligent robot.
Robotisation and Its Impact On Jobs in the US Labour Market
The global sales volume of industrial robots has tripled over the past decade. However, the same declined by 12% to almost 373,000 units in 2019. In 2020, nearly 465,000 robotic units were sold. The factors that led to this sharp increase in sales of robotics are increased productivity in the workplace, better collaboration between humans and robots, etc.
The increased reliance on robotics is clearly evident. But, how does it impact the jobs in the US labour market? Let’s find out.
- Robotics indicates automation in the job market. That means it may displace workers performing a specific job in a particular industry, thereby leading to decreased wages and employment opportunities for workers.
- Industrial robots are reprogrammable, autonomous and multipurpose machines. And these machines intend to replace single-purpose automated machinery. After analysing the effect of industrial robots on the US labour market, researchers confirmed that it is associated with a sharp decline of wages between 0.25% and 0.5%.
All in all, AI-based robots have significant adverse effects on wages and employment. One robot per thousand workers tends to reduce the employment-to-population ratio by 0.18 and 0.34%.
Three Major Ways AI-Based Robots Influence The World Economy
There are different notions when it comes to analysing the effects of AI-based robots on the world economy. Are robots really replacing the workers? With widespread job displacement due to robotics, would it negatively impact the worldwide economy? Is the overall worldwide economic condition expanding due to the advent of robotics? Here are the three significant ways AI-based robots impact the world economy:
Mechanisation of agriculture
Developed countries like the US or the UK have already mechanised agricultural processes. However, the same processes have been enhanced through the use of robots. Now, the robots, along with artificial intelligence algorithms and machine vision technology, provide better judgement related to harvesting ripe fruits, prune vines and flowers.
In simple words, AI-based robots lead to better and more agricultural production within a short span of time. Thus, it does wonders to the economy contributed by the agricultural sector.
Enhanced productions in manufacturing industries
Industrial robots are usually accompanied by the three-dimensional vision and precisely timed movements in the manufacturing industries. Past trends suggest that these robots can increase production efficiency over time, thereby surpassing humans in terms of assembling, packing or shifting objects. Even manufacturing activities that aren’t yet governed by robots might soon be robotised, such as in the manufacturing of cars.
The advent of AI-based robots can boost the speed of conventional production processes even in untouched sectors. The increased production levels contribute to the worldwide economy on a large scale.
Growth of gross domestic product
As per a paper written by Guy Michaels of the London School of Economics and Georg Graetz of Uppsala University titled ‘Robotics at Work’, robots have a significant impact on the economy by increasing the gross domestic product or GDP. The authors analysed specific sets of data from the US and 16 other countries for a 15-year period till 2007. They discovered that the increased use of industrial robots enhanced the annual growth of GDP by 0.36%.
An increase in production processes leads to an increase in GDP. The authors also compared this growth to the productivity boosts that occurred during the 20th century due to steam technology.
It is partly true that robots are replacing human jobs. Robots are replacing low-skilled workers or taking care of monotonous jobs that usually consume a lot of time unnecessarily. That way, it is creating high-paying jobs that require highly skilled workers. Multiple sectors are now hiring workers for higher-value work.
Automation, artificial intelligence and robotics have paved the way for higher-paying jobs for highly skilled and educated candidates. Yes, AI-based robots have replaced and are still replacing monotonous jobs across different sectors in the world. But, that is a necessity to enhance the world economic conditions and boost production processes in multiple industries. You must have a clear idea rather than panicking about random robots taking away your jobs.
Robotics is the branch of engineering or technology that focuses on developing and operating robots. Artificial intelligence is a technology that involves creating machines that have the ability to mimic human’s actions. Robotics in AI deals with the study of developing intelligent and efficient robots.
Artificial intelligence provides a computer vision to the robots so that they can calculate, sense and navigate their reaction appropriately. There are three types of artificial intelligence technologies that give rise to three specific types of robots. For instance, weak artificial intelligence can develop simple robots that need human supervision to work. Strong AI develops robots that do not need supervision to work.
Many people confuse these two concepts and often think they are the same thing. However, both serve unique purposes and are entirely different from each other. AI focus on creating machines that can imitate the activities performed by humans. Robotics is involved with building robots that can carry out monotonous tasks of humans.