While mobile apps continue to dominate every sphere of modern life, the development practices and methodologies became more important than ever before. The overwhelming competition among apps to ensure more visibility and traction added more importance to the quality concerns.

Hence, there is so much noise these days among the developers regarding approaches and methodologies. 

Over the years, several development methodologies stood out as effective for mobile apps across all niches. While some just became outdated, giving space to new trending methods stood as effective and irreplaceable.

All the development methods have their pros and cons and an equal share of strengths and shortcomings for a mobile app development company. This is why it is essential to go deeper into every methodology before writing off anyone or taking a decisive call. 

Here we go explaining the most popular mobile app development methodologies for 2021. 

Agile method 

Agile methodology consisting of a number of short cycles and taking 2 to 3 weeks for completion is known for reducing the risk to a minimum level. 

After completing every cycle, the responsible team provides reports to the client, and as per client request, changes are incorporated accordingly. Naturally, it ensures giving complete control to the client regarding the entire development process. 

The Agile method involves more than one cycle for shaping the entire app product. But every cycle and corresponding iteration showcases the part of the app functionalities needing test and changes. Since each process is followed by evaluation and changes, the outcome comes as a perfect app. 

Some of the key advantages of the Agile method include the following. 

  • Meticulous planning: Since it is complicated to make a detailed plan for the entire development process right at the start of the development, breaking the process into different cycles and stages help in fixing bugs and errors at the end of every module. This ensures saving a lot of time and resources.
  • Quick iteration: As the entire development process is broken into cycles, it becomes easier and convenient to incorporate the app project changes frequently. This approach allows rapid iteration at the end of every cycle and leaves no scope for errors at the very end of the project. 
  • Better client confidence: The client can intercept and intervene if there is anything in the app for him to change during development at any stage. Such client interactions and changes can be accommodated without disrupting the entire development processes. 

DevOps Method

DevOps is not just a development methodology but represents a complete focus on fusing different operational activities within the development process.

The DevOps approach focuses on reforming the operational processes in order to strengthen coordination between the stakeholders, developers and operations staff for building the right software application a business can benefit from. 

Are you a promising technology startup focusing on faster and collaborative techniques to build high-quality apps for your business? In such cases, DevOps can be the correct method to cater to the organisational needs.

Let’s have a quick look at some of the critical advantages of the DevOps development method. 

  • Fast-paced and continuous delivery of software applications.
  • Easier deployment of new systems, processes, and software tools. 
  • Lower scope of committing errors and faults.
  • Enhanced end-user experience
  • Easy and continuous integration and value additions
  • Reliable performance and scalable output with continuing changes
  • Highly collaborative to accommodate different operational perspectives.
  • Least disruption in the development process. 

Scrum

Scrum is a type or a different version of the Agile method. Unlike Agile, Scrum is more rigid in setting expectations and team commitment. The basic principles of the Scrum method are dividing the tasks and optimising the output. In the Scrum process, all the things that can be divided into smaller parts deserve spitting. It tells developers to focus on building one piece at a time. 

Some of the key Scrum advantages include the following. 

  • Most minor complexities: The scrum method by spitting all tasks into small parts makes it simple to build an app brick by brick.  
  • Easier organisation: By splitting complex app features and parts into small tasks, project management and coordination are more accessible. 

Rapid Application Development (RAD)

Rapid Application Development (RAD) is a highly efficient and popular development technique that ensures quicker development to deliver better outcomes in terms of quality. If you are developing an app with no experience or minimum experience, this method is excellent because of lower project risks.

The rapid application development method is divided into four steps: planning, user design, development, and switchover. While the first and last stage is not repeated, the other two stages respectively user design and development can be repeated if the client finds they don’t fulfil the agreed requirements. 

Some of the key advantages of this development method include the following. 

  • Very easy to understand development method.
  • The lower level of project risk.
  • Requires fewer efforts and resources.
  • Easily incorporates client feedback into development. 
  • Ideal for projects with small to medium sizes. 

Feature-Driven Development (FDD)

Feature Driven Development or FDD has become popular as a development technique for the scope of iteration that it delivers. It is most suitable in projects involving large developer teams who use object-oriented programming languages for development. 

FDD technique is divided into five different phases starting with the development of an overall model. The second stage is about making a list of features and making a development schedule for each of them. The other two steps that take the most time are respectively planned by feature and create by feature. 

Every stage is monitored for the potential scope of improvement, finding consequences, and detecting mistakes. Feature Driven Development (FDD) perfectly suits development companies opting for a phase-based development approach shifting from their earlier iterative approach. 

Some of the key advantages of this method include the following. 

  • Fast-paced development process.
  • Allowing several teams to work simultaneously.
  • The repeatable process to incorporate changes and build similar systems.
  • Adhering to widely popular and industry-recognised development practices

Conclusion 

All these mobile app development techniques and methodologies discussed above have one thing in common; they are all focused on faster and high-quality development. But choosing the one for your mobile app project entirely depends upon your team strength, nature of the app project, resources and client requirements. 

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